Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, How do we know the late APJ Abdul Kalam a President of India, The scientist, the missile man and great visionary? Abdul Kalam is a name beyond above title that he earned, he was a teacher and dreamt of India coming out of its tag of developing India to developed India. It has been three years since India’s great scientist Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam passed away. Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born in India on October 15, 1931. He is called as India’s lifelong scientist, for his prominent role in India’s 1998 nuclear weapons tests, after which he became a national hero.
Life-: As he comes from a poor family, his father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and Imam of a local mosque; his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. His father owned a ferry that took Hindu pilgrims back and forth between Rameswaram and the now uninhabited Dhanushkodi. Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family He came from a poor background and started working at an early age to supplement his family’s income. After completing his school, he distributed newspapers by which he could contribute to his father’s income. He was an average student in his school days. studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, he spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and (ISRO)
Kalam was an advisor to defence ministry from 1992 to 1997, and he later served as a principal scientific adviser (1999–2001) to the government with the rank of cabinet minister. His prominent role in the country’s 1998 nuclear weapons tests established Kalam as a national hero, although the tests caused great concern in the international community. In 1998 Kalam put forward a countrywide plan called Technology Vision 2020, which he described as a road map for transforming India from a less-developed to a developed society in 20 years. The plan called for, among other measures, increasing agricultural productivity, emphasizing technology as a vehicle for economic growth, and widening access to health care and education.
In 2002, he was elected as India’s 11th President. He was located at Rameswaram, in Tamil Nadu.
He was said to be a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn and spend hours on his studies, especially mathematics. Kalam is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
Kalam wrote several books, including an autobiography, Wings of Fire (1999). Among his numerous awards were two of the country’s highest honours, the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997).