Dr Sarvpalli Radhakrishan(5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975) was an Indian philosopher and statesman who served as the first Vice President of India during 1952–1962 and the second President of India (1962-1967) born on 5 September 1888 and left this word on 17 April 1975
He is one of the most distinguished 20th century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, after completing his education at Madras Christian College in 1911, he became Assistant Professor and later Professor of Philosophy at Madras Presidency College then subsequently Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore (1918-1921); the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921–1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936–1952) by which he became the first Indian to hold a professorial chair at the University of Oxford. He was Upton Lecturer at Manchester College, Oxford in 1926, 1929, and 1930. In 1930 he was appointed Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at the University of Chicago.
Advaita Vedanta-: His philosophy revolves around it, reinterpreting this tradition for a contemporary understanding.Looking at the uninformed western criticism,he defended Hinduism contributing to the formation of contemporary Hindu identity. He sought to demonstrate that his Hinduism was both philosophically coherent and ethically viable. Radhakrishnan’s concern for experience and his extensive knowledge of the Western philosophical and literary traditions has earned him the reputation of being a bridge-builder between India and the West.
He often appears to feel at home in the Indian as well as the Western philosophical contexts and draws from both Western and Indian sources throughout his writing. Because of this, Radhakrishnan has been held up in academic circles as a representative of Hinduism to the West. His lengthy writing career and his many published works have been influential in shaping the West’s understanding of Hinduism, India, and the East.
Radhakrishnan was awarded several high awards during his life, including a knighthood in 1931, the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954, and honorary membership of the British Royal Order Of Merit in 1963. He was also one of the founders of HelpAge India, a non-profit organisation for elderly underprivileged in India. Radhakrishnan believed that “teachers should be the best minds in the country”. Since 1962, his birthday is being celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day on 5 September.
- He has been conferred the Sahitya Akademi fellowship in 1968, The highest honour conferred by the Sahitya Akademi on a writer (he is the first person to get this award)
- In 1975 Temple Prize a few months before his death, for advocating non-aggression and conveying “a universal reality of God that embraced love and wisdom for all people. He donated the entire amount of the Templeton Prize to Oxford University.
- In 1989: the institution of the Radhakrishnan Scholarships by Oxford University in the memory of Radhakrishnan. The scholarships were later renamed the “Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships”.
- He was nominated sixteen times for the Nobel Prize in Literature and eleven times for the Nobel Peace Prize