ISRO’s Gaganyaan Mission Update: ISRO successfully tests the engine, which will take Indians to space.

Gaganyaan Mission

The Gaganyaan mission, initiated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), has several significant objectives and aims to demonstrate India’s prowess in human spaceflight. The primary goal of this project is to send a crew of three members to an orbit of 400 km for a three-day mission, showcasing the nation’s ability to develop and harness space technology in national development while pursuing planetary exploration and space science research. This mission has the potential to propel India to the centre of human space exploration, which is currently dominated by the United States and Russia.

ISRO has accomplished a major milestone in the human rating of its CE20 cryogenic engine that powers the cryogenic stage of the human-rated LVM3 launch vehicle for Gaganyaan missions, with the completion of the final round of ground qualification tests on February 13, 2024. The final test was the seventh of a series of vacuum ignition tests carried out at the High Altitude Test Facility at ISRO Propulsion Complex, Mahendragiri, to simulate the flight conditions.

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The ground qualification tests for the human rating of the CE20 engine involved life demonstration tests, endurance tests, and performance assessment under nominal operating conditions as well as off-nominal conditions w.r.t thrust, mixture ratio, and propellant tank pressure. All the ground qualification tests of the CE20 engine for the Gaganyaan programme have been completed.

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To qualify the CE20 engine for human rating standards, four engines have undergone 39 hot firing tests under different operating conditions for a cumulative duration of 8810 seconds against the minimum human rating qualification standard requirement of 6350 seconds.

ISRO has also completed the acceptance tests of the flight engine identified for the first unmanned Gaganyaan (G1) mission tentatively scheduled for Q2 of 2024. This engine will power the upper stage of the human-rated LVM3 vehicle and has a thrust capability of 19 to 22 tonnes with a specific impulse of 442.5 seconds.

ISRO Big Project

Bhartiya Antariksh Station to be set up ISRO by 2035 and Sending Indian to Moon by 2040

When Gaganyaan Mission will be launched?

2024 is going to be a year for Gaganyaan readiness, though it is targeted for 2025

Where Gaganyaan will land?

Gaganyaan will be land Indian sea waters

Who designed Gaganyaan?

ISRO(Indian Space Research Organisation)

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