UPSC Geo-Scientist Main Examination 2024 :- Exam Pattern , Syllabus , Important Dates

UPSC Geo-Scientist

The UPSC Geo-Scientist Main Examination 2024 is a pivotal stage in the recruitment process for aspiring Geologists, Geophysicists, Chemists, and Junior Hydrogeologists. Following the completion of the preliminary exam, the Mains exam is scheduled for June 22 and June 23. Candidates can now download their admit cards from the official UPSC website.

UPSC Geo-Scientist Exam Overview

Conducting Body: Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

Examination Level: National

Purpose: Recruitment of Geologists, Geophysicists, Chemists, and Junior Hydrogeologists

Exam Pattern

The Main Examination is structured into three papers for each discipline, covering a range of specialized topics.

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For Geologists:

  • Geology Paper I: Geomorphology, Structural Geology, Paleontology, Stratigraphy
  • Geology Paper II: Mineralogy, Petrology, Economic Geology
  • Geology Paper III: Indian Mineral Deposits, Ore Genesis, Mining Geology, Environmental Geology

For Geophysicists:

  • Geophysics Paper I: Solid Earth Geophysics, Earthquake Seismology, Mathematical Methods in Geophysics
  • Geophysics Paper II: Geophysical Prospecting, Gravity and Magnetic Methods
  • Geophysics Paper III: Seismology, Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods

For Chemists:

  • Chemistry Paper I: Inorganic Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry Paper II: Physical Chemistry
  • Chemistry Paper III: Organic Chemistry

For Junior Hydrogeologists:

  • Geology Paper I and II: Same as Geologists
  • Hydrogeology Paper: Groundwater Hydraulics, Water Resources, Groundwater Quality

Syllabus Highlights

Each discipline has a detailed syllabus that candidates must thoroughly understand. Here are the key areas for each subject:


  • Paper I: Focuses on the foundational aspects such as Geomorphology, Structural Geology, Paleontology, and Stratigraphy.
  • Paper II: Covers Mineralogy, Petrology, and Economic Geology.
  • Paper III: Delves into Indian Mineral Deposits, Ore Genesis, Mining Geology, and Environmental Geology.


  • Paper I: Includes Solid Earth Geophysics, Earthquake Seismology, and Mathematical Methods in Geophysics.
  • Paper II: Deals with Geophysical Prospecting and Gravity and Magnetic Methods.
  • Paper III: Focuses on Seismology and Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods.


  • Paper I: Involves Inorganic Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry.
  • Paper II: Covers Physical Chemistry.
  • Paper III: Concentrates on Organic Chemistry.


  • Geology Papers I and II: Same topics as those for Geologists.
  • Hydrogeology Paper: Emphasizes Groundwater Hydraulics, Water Resources, and Groundwater Quality.

Preparation Tips

To excel in the UPSC Geo-Scientist Main Examination, candidates should adopt a strategic approach to their studies:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: Begin with a thorough review of the detailed syllabus provided by UPSC. Understanding what to study is crucial for effective preparation.
  2. Study Materials: Utilize standard textbooks and reference materials. Renowned authors such as P.K. Mukherjee (Geology), G.B. Mohapatra (Geophysics), and J.D. Lee (Chemistry) offer valuable insights into their respective fields.
  3. Previous Year Papers: Practicing with past exam papers helps in understanding the pattern and difficulty level of the examination. It also aids in identifying important topics and frequently asked questions.
  4. Time Management: Allocate specific time slots for each subject and adhere to the schedule. Balanced and consistent study habits are key to covering the vast syllabus effectively.
  5. Mock Tests: Regular mock tests are essential for assessing preparation levels, improving speed and accuracy, and building exam-day confidence.

Important Dates

  • Notification Release: Usually in September/October.
  • Application Deadline: About a month after the notification.
  • Main Exam Date: June 22 and June 23, 2024.
  • Personality Test/Interview: Following the Main Examination, candidates who qualify will be invited for the Personality Test.


For the most accurate and detailed information, candidates should refer to the official UPSC notification and guidelines. The following resources are particularly useful:

  • UPSC Official Website: UPSC Geo-Scientist Exam
  • Standard Textbooks: Depending on the subject, recommended textbooks by authors like P.K. Mukherjee (Geology), G.B. Mohapatra (Geophysics), and J.D. Lee (Chemistry).
  • Study Centers and Online Resources: Various online platforms and study centers provide additional study materials and mock tests.

Examination Centers

The Main Examination will be held in the following centers:

  • Chennai
  • Delhi
  • Dispur (Guwahati)
  • Hyderabad
  • Kolkata
  • Lucknow
  • Mumbai
  • Shimla


The UPSC Geo-Scientist Main Examination 2024 is a significant milestone for candidates aspiring to join esteemed positions as Geologists, Geophysicists, Chemists, and Junior Hydrogeologists. With a structured preparation strategy and access to the right resources, candidates can effectively navigate the challenges of this competitive examination. Staying informed through official updates and maintaining a disciplined study regimen are crucial for success.

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