Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Electrical and Electronics Engineering Makes Our Lives Better and Safer!

Electrical and Electronic Engineering is a field of study that deals with the design, development, and maintenance of electrical and electronic systems. This course provides an overview of the fundamental concepts and theories covered in the field. It is designed to equip students with the necessary skills and knowledge to pursue a career in the field of electrical and electronic engineering. The course is taught by experienced instructors and engineers working in the industry, providing students with a practical understanding of the field

The course covers a broad range of topics, including electric circuits, voltage, current, resistors, Ohm’s Law, solar cells, and more. Students will learn about the core concepts and theories that form the foundation of electrical and electronic engineering. The course provides a theoretical component, covered in the lecture portion, and a practical hands-on component, covered in the laboratory section [4]. Additionally, students will learn about basic digital logic, programmable logic devices, CPU and embedded system architecture, and embedded systems programming principles. This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the field of electrical and electronic engineering.

“Our world would be an impossible place to live in without electricity.”
It is one of the most important branches of engineering as it has helped improve our daily lives by leaps and bounds. Electricity is making our lives safer and better.
Electrical and Electronics Engineering has helped us to communicate, provide energy for our homes and workplaces, control appliances so we can do more work in less time, travel at high speeds, study the human body using medical equipment such as CT scans, etc.

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EEE (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) has several specializations, such as:

Electronics Engineering: This branch deals with the study, design, development, and maintenance of Electronics Systems which form an essential part of any electrical or electronic equipment.
Communications Engineering: This branch studies the generation, transmission, reception, and processing of electromagnetic radiation through the air.

Control Systems Engineering: This branch deals with the study, design, development, and maintenance of automatically operated control systems like governing the speed of an engine, etc.

Energy Engineering: This branch deals with the production, transmission, and distribution of energy (electricity) in a system.

Mechatronics Engineering: This is a combination of Mechanical engineering, Electrical engineering, and Electronics engineering.
Radio Frequency Engineering: This branch deals with the study, design, development, and maintenance of electronic systems that operate in the Radio Frequency region of the spectrum.

Computer Engineering: This branch deals with the study, design, development, and maintenance of computer hardware and software.
Biomedical Engineering: This branch deals with the study, design, development, and maintenance of medical instruments (like CT scans, etc.).
Telecommunication Engineering: This branch deals with the study, design, development, and maintenance of telecommunications equipment.

Power Engineering: This branch deals with the generation, transmission, and distribution of electric power.
The term “Electrical Engineer” is used to denote someone who has obtained a degree in Electrical Engineering or has completed an equivalent course that is approved by the Board of Engineers India.

Job Prospects for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

The job prospects for electrical and electronics engineers are very bright. The starting salary package of fresh EEE graduates in is expected to be around INR 1.8 lakhs to 2 lakhs a month, according to a report by TimesJobs.com. After five years of experience in the field, engineers easily earn around INR 4.5 lakhs to 5 lakhs a month.

Electrical engineers are the most important manpower resource for fuel, power, and transportation industries because they design, develop and maintain electrical systems related to the production, transmission, and distribution of electricity. They are also essential for other areas like telecommunication, defence, etc.
Students have a lot of career options after completing their undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering. EEE graduates can take up jobs like research and development engineers, electrical engineering project managers, quality assurance managers, production managers, etc. in the manufacturing sector.

The oil and gas industry is exploring multiple avenues for harnessing renewable energy sources like solar, wind, geothermal, etc. This industry is also focusing on minimizing pollution levels. It is making continuous investments in developing new modes of generating electricity through non-conventional sources of energy like solar or wind power. These activities have created a huge demand for skilled electrical engineers possessing expertise in areas like oil and gas production, electrical machines, generation of alternate currents, power electronics, etc.

Electrical engineers are now getting opportunities in the automobile sector as well. The rise in demand for electrical vehicles is also creating a need for skilled electrical engineers to design and manufacture advanced electric engines/motors, charging infrastructure, etc.

The defence sector has emerged as one of the biggest employers of electrical engineers in India over the last decade. The growth is mainly due to the modernization of Indian defence forces and increased spending on defence research and development activities. Also, more and more countries like Japan and Australia are relying on India for spare parts of imported systems because of the high costs involved in setting up a manufacturing base for such equipment.

The aerospace industry has also emerged as one of the biggest employers of electrical engineers in India. Owing to increased space research and development activities, more and more defence and aeronautical companies are looking for manpower with expertise in areas like propulsion systems, aircraft instruments, satellite guidance, etc.

The oil refining industry is one of the most important users of electrical equipment and hence a preferred choice for fresh engineering graduates. The companies in the industry are looking forward to hiring graduates with expertise in areas like power generation, transmission, and distribution.

The need for skilled electrical engineers is also on the rise elsewhere in Asia-Pacific Region. Many major oil & gas companies are planning investments in several projects throughout the region. This has led to an increased demand for electrical engineers in countries like Japan, China, Korea, etc.
The fast-developing economies of BRICS nations are also creating opportunities for skilled electrical engineers. India has emerged as one of the most preferred destinations for doing business due to its stable political environment and cautious economic policies aimed at achieving sustainable growth. The need for skilful manpower is high because of increasing investments in infrastructure projects like power generation, transmission, smart grids, etc.

The future looks bright for electrical engineers in the renewable energy sector because governments across the world are giving top priority to this sector due to environmental concerns. Graduates with expertise in solar/wind/geothermal technologies will be preferred by the industry. Also, increasing the use of electric vehicles will create a need for skilled electrical engineers to design and manufacture these vehicles.

The power and utility industry is also witnessing tremendous growth due to smart grid development activities in many industrialized countries. Countries like the US, Canada, Japan, etc., are investing huge amounts of money on infrastructure upgrade projects. This has led to the widespread use of high-end technology solutions in the power & utility sector.

How to Become an Electrical and Electronics Engineer in India?

One can become an electrical engineer by pursuing undergraduate courses in the stream of engineering, applied sciences, and technology. Though a graduate degree is not mandatory for getting into the workforce, students who do possess these degrees will have more chances of getting high-paying jobs than those having just a diploma/certificate course.

A bachelor’s degree in engineering takes around four years after a 10+2 or equivalent examination. The undergraduate courses are offered in the streams of engineering, applied sciences, and technology.

The first two years consist of fundamental courses like mathematics, physics, chemistry, etc. In the final two years, students choose their major among the specializations that they have studied in the first year. These include electrical power systems, control systems, electrical engineering, etc.
A master’s degree in a specialized area takes a minimum of two years after the bachelor’s degree while Ph.D. programs take almost four to five years. A master’s degree may be required for entry-level research careers and jobs in certain industries like defence, manufacturing, and aerospace.
Graduates with a Master’s degree or PhD can also opt for post-doctoral programs of one to three years duration.

While completing undergraduate courses, students must choose the stream of specialization very carefully because an electrical engineer is required in almost every industry today.

How to get admission to a B.Tech course in EEE?

Candidates who have passed the 10+2 examination in the science stream with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as their main subjects can apply for admission to a 4-year B. Tech course in engineering, applied sciences, and technology.

However, students having qualifications other than 10+2 must qualify for IIT JEE (Main) or GATE exam conducted by the IITs or other leading institutes like NIT, REC, etc. for getting admission to prestigious B. Tech programs.

Best Colleges in India for Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, and IIT Madras are among the top places where students can get admission to graduate courses.

Many NITs also offer 4-year B.Tech courses in engineering, applied sciences, and technology. The other good choices are REC Calicut, VNIT Nagpur, Kurukshetra University, etc.

Best Countries to Study Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Developed countries offer a perfect blend of theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Some of the best study destinations for EEE courses are:

Canada: Masters from leading institutes like the University of Alberta, McMaster University, etc., may help in landing a high-paying job easily.

US: Earning a master’s degree from prestigious universities like Stanford, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) will open up many managerial as well as research job opportunities for the students.

Germany: A master’s degree from the RWTH-Aachen, one of the best technical universities in Europe, will help students gain access to parts of Europe that witness heavy research activities.

UK: Earning a master’s degree from such premier institutions as Oxford and Cambridge will put you on a fast track both for employment and research activities.

France: Earning a master’s degree from the French Institute of Advanced Studies in Computer Science and Applied Mathematics (IHES) will help open up research opportunities.

Russia: Earning a master’s degree from St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University or Moscow Power Engineering Institute can be helpful for students interested to work in Russia.

Italy: Italy is a leading country offering a master’s degree from some of the best universities in Europe.
Other popular study destinations for EEE are Australia, Singapore, South Korea, etc.

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